General Remarks on Research Methods

What is Research?

Research is a systematic process of inquiry consisting of three elements or components:

(1) a question, problem, or hypothesis

(2) data

(3) analysis and interpretation of data

Nunan (1992). p.3

Types of Research

Quantitative research
Qualitative research

Case study
Statistical research
Experimental research

Deductive research
Inductive research

Action Research

Methods of data collection

Fieldwork, Survey, and Interviews
Traditional Library Research
Researching via the Internet